The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 75
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Southern Opposition to the Annexation of Texas
Arguments based upon supposed national and sectional interests
were added by other opponents of annexation. In the papers of
President Lamar are found letters of five Southerners who ex-
press strong disapprobation of the annexation measure, on the
ground that independence would be more advantageous not only
to Texas, but to the Southern States, and, one writer adds, to the
Union as well. Their arguments turn for the most part upon the
fact that Texas was a slave state, the very fact which is popularly
supposed to have made the South a. unit from the beginning in
favor of annexation.
Two of these correspondents of President Lamar, A. B. Long-
street, the well known minister, jurist, author, college president
of genial memory, and Mansfield Torrance, a planter, a personal
and political friend of Lamar and of Governor George M. Troup,
were Georgians; two, Joseph Riddle, a lawyer, who had fought as
a volunteer in the Texan revolution, and Alexander Jones, a phy-
sician, author, and inventor of some note, were Mississippians;
one, James Hamilton, was a South Carolinian. Hamilton was the
most prominent of the five; he was a wealthy planter, who had
been a member of Congress and had exercised considerable in-
fluence with President Jackson until his nullification views had
separated him politically from the "Old Chief"; he had been the
nullification governor of South Carolina. He had extensive finan-
cial connections in America and in England, and had thereby
been enabled to negotiate a loan for South Carolina in England.
Longstreet's expression of opinion is contained in an undated
draft which seems from internal and circumstantial evidence to
fall within the year 1837. It contains, besides advice regarding
the Texan constitution, a statement of the writer's views upon the
relative advantages and disadvantages of annexation. The ad-
vantages, immediate protection, ultimate security against war with
Mexico or the United States, from neither of which is any real
danger to be apprehended, are far outweighed, he thinks, by the
"The North and Northwest," he writes,
must in the very nature of things rule the South & Southwest.
The North & Northwest must be a commercial and man-
'State Library, Austin, Texas.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/81/: accessed January 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.