The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 78
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
enter a union of quarreling sovereignties filled with sectional
wrangling. Until, the question of Slavery, or anti-Slavery, is
forever put to rest in this Union let Texas with her slave property
stand aloof from it.
13y staying out of the Union, he argued, Texas will also escape
the clashes, inequalities, and injustice arising among the tweny-six
sovereign states upon the questions of the regulation of currency
and the collection of revenue. A single commonwealth has a far
better opportunity to develop a. harmonious body of citizens and a
uniform, satisfactory, just system of laws than a confederation of
twenty-six states, each claiming the right to interpret the law,
,or to countervail it by opposing legislation. Texas had therefore
best stay out of the Union and prepare to fulfill its glorious mis-
sion as the nucleus of the "great Republic, based upon different
and I trust better principles than ours," which "must some day
spread its branches far & wide over the South & Southwestern
portions of this Continent."
Hamilton's opposition to annexation, disclosed in a letter of
1838, had grown from neutrality in 1836, as expressed in the
report of the South Carolina senate committee, of which he was
chairman, upon Governor McDuffie's message to the Legislature,
cited in the beginning of this article. This report is therefore
worthy of notice just here for the light which it throws upon
Hamilton's views upon the Texas question in its early stage.
McDuffie's opposition to recognition and annexation turns upon
the doctrine of non-interference, a corollary of the state-rights
views of most Southern statesmen. "The doctrine of non-inter-
ference," he says in the course of the message, "is one of the most
important in the code of international law, and there are no com-
munities on earth who should hold it so sacred as the slave-
holding states of this union . . ."; he therefore trusts "that
the state of South Carolina will give no countenance .
to any acts which may compromit the neutrality of the United
States . . ."; he thinks "it may be proper" that the legislature
"express opinion" regarding the application for admission into
the Union likely soon to be made to Congress, which should not
be entertained. "If we admit Texas into our union, while Mexico
is still waging war against that province, with a view to re-
establish her supremacy over it, we shall, by the very act itself,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/84/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.