The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 81
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Southern Opposition to the Anmexation of Texas
I deem it of the utmost importance for the success of your
foreign negociations national and financial-That your application
for annexation to the U. S. should be formally withdrawn-- This
however should be done with the utmost dignity and with the best
temper and in the best tone of feeling towards the people of the
U. S. It should be done on the ground that your own interests are
to be promoted by your own separate integrity-On such an an-
nunciation on the part of your Minister Mr. Van Buren will I am
sure send a highly complimentary message to your Republic to
our Congress in which all parties will unite in public manifesta-
tions of anticipations of your future growth & power and respect
for the independent stand which your Republic has taken which
will greatly benefit your foreign relations with the European
Powers and lead at once to recognition.-
Indeed what have you to expect or hope from us by Union but
a marriage to the Fanaticism of abolition and the huge monopoly
of an oppressive tariff strangling your infant industry in the
Cradle?- Whereas if you stand by yourselves, with duties of
15 per Cent ad valorem you will supply the best part of the
valley of the Mississippi with ,goods and will soon be the most
prosperous country on this Continent.- Instead of weakening
yourselves and the Southern States by agitating the same question
which our adversaries will involve in the discussion of the ques-
tion of annexation,-you will be silently building up a rock of
salvation a pillar of strength for the South on which we may
stand & take refuge when driven to separation by the abolitionism
of the North.- An event which seems to be inevitable. .
In the after-dinner speech noted above, Hamilton comments
favorably upon the withdrawal of the application, which had
been effected by the Texan minister on October 12, 1838:
"You were right to come to the manly decision to, stand by
yourselves. . . . By disdaining to be a suppliant at Washing-
ton any longer from a consideration of weakness, you have waxed
into one of bone and strength-=and spared our union the agitation
of a question which never comes but like the earthquake, to con-
vulse and to shake . ."
The principal arguments of these anti-annexationists may be
stated briefly as follows: The best interests of Texas would be
subserved by remaining independent, because Texas would thus
escape the evils incident to membership in a confederation of
sovereign states with dissimilar interests and institutions, and
might in time become the nucleus of a great southwestern republic;
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/87/: accessed May 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.