The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915 Page: 93
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British Correspondence Concerning Texas
it desirable that the attention of the Shipping Interest, should be
directed to the character of the Charts generally consulted on
voyages to Texas. Of all that I have had an opportunity of in-
specting, not one is correct, while some are considerably, and
some extravagantly in error.
There are, at present, five British Vessels in this Port.-The
Chart used on board one of these (represented by the publishers
as corrected to the year 1841) exhibits an error of nearly two
degrees in the Longitude of Galveston Island. The Charts of two
others, which the publishers describe as having been corrected to
the year 1843, severally indicate the depth of water on Galveston
Bar at Sixteen or Sixteen and a half feet,-the real depth being,
at low water, about ten feet, and, at high water, twelve, except on
the occasion of a Spring tide. In all the Charts hitherto in use, the
Coast line of Texas is wrongly laid down.-Of the five Merchant
Vessels I have mentioned, the last that has arrived-A Schooner
from Nassau, New Providence-ran aground in attempting to
make the Port, and was only got off by sacrificing part of her Cargo,
--A Misfortune attributed by the Master to his Chart, which it
appears, misled him to the extent of some sixty Miles.
Voyages to Galveston are burthened with an unusually high rate
of insurance, yet, with such a Measure of Caution as no honest
and judicious Ship Master will fail to exercise, and the assistance
of a trust-worthy Chart, no extraordinary danger, or difficulty need
be apprehended for vessels whose draughts of water will permit
them to pass the Bar.
In the hope that it may prove useful, I have the honor to trans-
mit a Chart'" of Galveston Bar, and Harbour, as surveyed in 1841
by the Commodore of the Texan Navy, and recently corrected by
an experienced local draughtsman. On the accuracy of this Chart,
with reference to all the points essential to be known by Naviga.
tors, reliance may be placed.
It will be seen that the North East end of Galveston Island is
in Latitude N. 290, 18', 50" and Longitude W. 94, 48', 30".
The average height of the Island, above the bed of the Sea, is
eight feet-and of the Sand-hills that border the Coast, fifteen feet.
-Some conspicuous land mark is much required, as a guide to
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915, periodical, 1915; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/m1/99/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.