The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916 Page: 262
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
of San Blas. After the measures necessary for pacification of
Sonora and other frontier provinces should be taken, he said, it
had been deemed indispensable to found a port for the advantage
of boats employed on such expeditions and available for commerce
with Sonora, and for the preservation and advancement of the
Californias.4 Gilvez proceeded to San Blas in May, 1768, and
established the department. Whatever place the Sonora wars may
have had in the original plans, the Department of San Blas was
to serve primarily as a base of supplies for maintaining the two
Californias. The selection of San Blas for this purpose was open
to objection, for the port was not a good one, and the site was un-
healthful and not suited to either agriculture or stock-raising.
Some idea of the nature and operations of the department may
be gained by consulting the reglamento, or instrument of govern-
ment, for the Californias and San Blas of the year 1773. The
intimate relation of San Blas to Alta and Baja California is to be
noted, for they were regarded as essentially an unit. The prin-
pical document in the file which was eventually to become the
reglamento (Cor no single document was drawn up embodying the
results of deliberations to this end) was a recommendation of
May 19, 1773, by Juan Jose de Echeveste, at that time purchas-
ing agent for the Californias in Mexico City, giving detailed sug-
gestions as to what the reglanmento should be. The document be-
gins with an estimate of the number of men and cost per year of
each of the Californias and San Bias. San Bias was considered
under three heads: the department proper; the arsenal or ship-
yard; and the fleet. The following men were needed: in the
department proper, a commissary, an accountant (conta.dor), a
paymaster and storekeeper, three scribes, an amanuensis, a chap-
lain, and a sacristan; at the shipyard, a master-workman maestroo
mayor), a cooper, a rope maker (corchador), and a boatswain; in
the fleet: for the frigate, a captain and pilot, a second pilot, a
boatswain, a boatswain's mate, a steward, a carpenter, a calker,
two cabin boys, six steersmen, twenty-seven ship's boys (guru-
metes), and thirty sailors; for each of two packet boats, a cap-
tain and pilot, a second pilot, a boatswain, a boatswain's mate, a
steward, a carpenter, a calker, two cabin boys, six steersmen, ten
4A. G. I., 104-6-15.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916, periodical, 1916; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101067/m1/283/: accessed July 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.