The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916 Page: 342
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342 The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
apparently still in complete ignorance of the region toward the
north and northeast, in which direction it was decided that the
bay must lie. The Rio Grande, according to the records of the
council, had barely been crossed, and then only at one point-
near the town of San Gregorio, about thirty-five leagues from
Monterey. Beyond this river lay an unknown country, inhabited
by fierce tribes of hostile Indians. The settlers felt, however, that
the danger from the French was too great to admit of inaction, and
they patriotically agreed to raise and equip a force of fifty men
in order to explore the region beyond the Rio Grande. It was
decided to assemble at the town of Cadereita on June 25, by
which time the governor promised to name a leader for the expe-
dition. The route to be followed was also discussed and agreed
upon. They were to proceed directly to the junction of the Rio
San Juan and the Rio Grande, and descend the latter river to the
sea, thence following the coast until the French settlement should
be discovered. In case the first expedition proved to be unsuc-
cessful, it was agreed to make another attempt late in October,
when the autumn rains should have ceased.41
Unfortunately no contemporary accounts have yet been found
concerning the expedition thus determined upon from Nuevo Leon,
and no details of the journey are available. It is merely known
that Alonso de Leon was chosen leader, and that the expedition
was forced to turn back on account of high water, after having
reached a point on the Gulf coast some distance beyond the Rio
Grande.42 The fruitless results of the search are stated in a
41Auto de la junta de guerra en Monterey, June 11, 1686. Shortly
after the council, Governor Aguayo received word that an Indian of the
Pelon tribe had arrived at a nearby hacienda, reporting that near the Rio
Grande there lived a number of white men, who planted crops and traded
with the natives. This settlement, the Indian said, was only ten days'
journey from Monterey, and he promised to guide the Spaniards thither
whenever they wished to go. This tale was reported to the viceroy by
Aguayo in a letter of June 15, 1686, with which the autos of the council
were remitted. The governor expressed strong hope that he would soon
be able to obtain the desired information in regard to the French set-
tlement (Aguayo to the viceroy, June 15, 1686, with enclosed autos, 10
pp. These documents were sent to the king by the viceroy with a letter
of July 20, 1686, 2 pp.
4'Carta de Don Damian Manzanet a Don Carlos de Siguenza sobre el
descubrimiento de la Bahia del Espiritu Santo, in THE QUABRTELY, II,
254 (translated by Lilia M. Casis). The letter of Manzanet, very brief
and indefinite and giving no dates, has hitherto been practically the sole
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916, periodical, 1916; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101067/m1/369/: accessed August 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.