The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916 Page: 356
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
formation reached the northern frontier of New Spain which
indicated in unequivocal fashion that in spite of the many fruit-
less expeditions made, the French were actually settled within
the dominions of the king of Spain.
The Capture of "Jean Henri"
In the spring of 1688 the provinces of Nueva. Estremadura, or
Coahuila, and Nuevo Leon were sorely troubled by the ravages of
the Toboso Indians and their allies, and Alonso de Leon, now
governor and captain of the newly-founded presidio of San Fran-
cisco de Coahuila, was busily engaged in trying to subdue these
savages and punish them for their depredations. In May, 1688,
Captain Leon sent a Tlaxcaltecan Indian, named Agustin de la
Cruz, into the region north of Coahuila to enlist the aid of the
friendly tribes against the troublesome Tobosos. The Indian
crossed the Rio Grande in the course of his wanderings, and
arrived at a large rancheria of Indians, who said they were ruled
by a white man. Agustin was taken into the presence of the
white chief, and knelt before him with great reverence. He found
him to be a man of about fifty years of age, naked, and with his
face painted after the fashion of the Indians. He was seated on
a rude throne covered with buffalo skins, with an attendant on
either side. The man said that he was a Frenchman, and that
he had been sent by God to found pueblos among the Indians,
as well as to organize them for campaigns against their enemies.
Upon being told of Alonso de Leon, he expressed a desire to see
the governor, and gave the Indian some pages from a French
book to carry to Leon as a message. He also furnished him with
an escort of six Indians to accompany him as far as the mission
of Caldera. The gun of Agustin was kept as security for his
Such was the story told by the Tlaxcaltecan upon his return to
Coahuila. Captain Leon immediately concluded that the French-
man was a spy, who came in advance of a larger force to win the
friendship of the Indians, and prepare the way for a formal in-
sAuto of Alonso de Leon, May 18, 1688, in Autos y Diligencias q se an
Executado pr. el Capn Alonso de Leon gouor de la Proua de Coaguila
en la Na Spa sobre el descubrimto de Vna poblazon de franzeses q se dijo
hauia en el Seno Mexicano, 5-7.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916, periodical, 1916; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101067/m1/383/: accessed December 11, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.