The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916 Page: 368
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
May 1 Arch6v.que and a companion, named Jacques Grollet, were
found by Captain Leon in a rancheria of one of the chiefs of the
Texas tribe. They were formally examined, and full details of
La Salle's colony and its failure were now learned. They said
that more than one hundred of the settlers had died from an
epidemic of smallpox, and that the rest were massacred by the
Indians. They themselves had escaped, as they had gone to the
country of the Texas with La Salle shortly before the attack.86
The return to Coahuila was made without difficulty. Captain
Leon reached the presidio slightly in advance of the main force,
having hurried on from the Nueces River to draw up his reports
of the expedition. On May 16 he remitted to the viceroy the
diary, map, and full autos of the journey which he had so success-
fully concluded. Archeveque and Grollet were also sent to the
capital, Jean Henri remaining in Coahuila.87
The two Frenchmen were examined by the viceroy on June 10,
in the presence of Captains Pez and Barroto, who had searched in
vain for the settlement which they had declared to be a myth.
In these second declarations still further facts were brought our
concerning La Salle's colony. Two days later Pez and Barroto
identified the bay which Captain Leon had called the Bay of
Espiritu Santo, and the French, that of Saint Louis, as the one
which they had explored and named San Bernardo Bay.88
The mystery of the French settlement and the Bay of Espiritu
Santo had finally been solved. Happily for Spain no fortified
stronghold had been found, but only the mute ruins of the settle-
ment planted by the luckless adventurer who had dared intrude
8BDeclarations of Arch6vque and Grollet, in Autos y Diligencias q
se an Executado, 51-58. Much additional light is thrown upon La Salle's
project by these declarations, but the limits of this paper forbid any de-
tailed treatment of the subject. Strange to say, ArchWvOque and Grollet
did not know Jean Henri, and thought that he had wandered from the
fort built by La Salle on the Illinois. There are indications that Leon
himself adopted this theory, which has much evidence to support it. The
writer hopes to say more in this connection at a future time.
87Leon to the viceroy, May 16, 1689, Ibid., 44-47.
88Pafrecor of Pez and Barroto, June 12, 1689, Ibid., 67-69. The decla-
rations of Arch6veque and Grollet before the viceroy are contained in
Ibid., 59-67. The two Frenchmen were taken to Spain in 1689 by Captain
Pez, and were confined in prison in Cadiz until 1692, when they were per-
mitted to return to New Spain (Manuscript in Audiencia de MVexico,
estante 61, caj6n 6, legajo 21). Their later life in New Mexico is fairly
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916, periodical, 1916; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101067/m1/395/: accessed December 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.