The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916 Page: 68
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
eral, a mayor domo, one escribano de consejo, two escribanos
pfiblicos and one escribano de minas y registros, one pregonero
mayor, one corredor de lonja, and two parteros. In the case of a
diocesan or sufragan city there were to be only eight regidores.
The villas and lugares were to have an alcalde ordinario, four
regidores, an alguacil, one escribano de consejo, an escribano pib-
lico and a mayor domo.19 The viceroy or other colonial officials
could not give the right to establish a new town, as this right was
jealously reserved by the Council of the Indies.20
PARTITION OF LANDS IN THE FOUR LEAGUE GRANT
First the land needed for town lots (solares), the strip. of com-
mons surrounding the town (exido),' the common pasture land
(dehesas and tierras de pasto), and the municipal lands (propios),2
were laid out. The remaining land was divided into four parts,
one part to go to the poblador principal, the proprietor of the
colony, and the other three parts to be divided equally among the
colonists as arable fields (suertes).8 One law provided that
each settler (poblador) was to receive from the poblador principal
a town lot, land for pasture, and land for cultivation not to exceed
five peonias for the unprivileged pobladores or three caballerias for
the privileged members.' A peonia was a town lot fifty by a hun-
dred feet, a hundred fanegas of tillable land for wheat or barley,
ten fanegas of corn land, two huebras of garden land, eight huebras
for upland woods, and pasture land for ten hogs, twenty cows, five
mares, one hundred sheep and twenty goats.5 A caballeria was a
1"4:7:2, Felipe II. Most of these terms, which it is impracticable to
translate, will become clear as this paper proceeds.
204:8:6, 1627, 1629. 14:7:12-13, 1680.
24:13:1, 1523. Public lands as a translation for propios is quite mis-
leading. Public lands in the United States are lands held by the state or
national government for other than revenue purposes. Propios are mu-
nicipal lands and are held for revenue purposes only. A Spanish munici-
pality had public lands (exidos and plazas) similar to our commons or
parks, but propios were tillable lands given by the Crown to the munici-
pality to be rented to the highest bidder and thus furnish revenue for the
expenses of the local government. In theory, at least, the ordinary ex-
penses of a Spanish municipality in the colonies were to be met by means
of an endowment from the Crown in the form of tillable lands called
$4:7:7, Felipe II. '4:5:9, Felipe II. X4:7:1, Felipe II.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916, periodical, 1916; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101067/m1/77/: accessed July 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.