The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916 Page: 70
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70 The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
The vecinos, or citizens, of the new pueblo were to be the first
settlers, "nuevos pobladores," and their descendants, of whatever
degree, who were the heads of households.1 The proprietor (pob-
lador principal), and his legitimate descendants were to be hijos-
dalgos with all the honors and "preeminencias" of the hijosdalgos
and caballeros of Spain itself.2 All citizens and other persons were
forbidden to leave the province without license from the governor
under penalty of losing their offices and property.3 The pobladores
and their descendants were always to receive special consideration
in the election or appointment of officers and in the sale of offices.'
Most of the municipal offices were sold, but to those that were
elective only resident citizens were eligible. Resident householders
were citizens." Close relatives could not nominate or elect each
other to office,0 nor could debtors of the real hacienda (royal estate)
vote in the elections.7 Neither the governor nor the alcalde ordi-
nario could solicit votes in person or through an agent for himself
or for anyone else.8 The two oldest regidores and the escribano
de cabildo were to be present at the counting of the votes.9 The
higher officials were not to interfere with the free election, nor
interfere in any way to help one or the other candidate.'0 There
was no re-election to any municipal office till after two years, and
in the case of re-election of alcaldes ordinarios a three year interim
was required, although they could be elected regidores after two
SALE OF OFFICES
Since early in the sixteenth centuryl2 practically all of the mu-
nicipal offices except those of alcalde and regidor had been subject
to sale rather than election. A law of 1620 prescribed that owing
to the inconveniences resulting from the election of regidores in
accordance with the custom in Spain and the Indies, that office in
14:5:8, Felipe II. 24:6:6, Felipe II. 85:1:17, 1534.
44:6:3 to 7, 1531, 1595. 64:10:6, 1554. 04:10:5, 1603.
'4:9:12, 1624. 84:9:10, 1613. '4:9:10, 1613.
1"4:9:7, 1625, Carlos II. "4:9:13, 1609. 128:19:1, 1522 to 1645.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916, periodical, 1916; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101067/m1/79/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.