The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916 Page: 72
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
vacate the office and thus permit the hacienda real to collect the
usual fee for such an occurrence.26
RENUNCIATION OF OFFICES
All offices purchased escheated to the real hacienda on the death
of the owner, but during his lifetime he could renounce the office
in favor of another person on payment of a certain amount.1 The
bargain which the first owner made with the person to whom he
sold it was apparently of no concern to the crown so long as the
vendor paid the regular fee of one-half the original cost to the
real hacienda at the time of transfer. For any further transfers
of the office from one to another by renunciation, one-third of the
original value of the office had to be paid to the real hacienda. In
the case of the offices requiring education, "oficios de pluma," the
fee for renunciation was one-third of the original cost during the
first ten years and one-half of the original cost after that time.2
The renouncer (renunciante) must live twenty days after the
date of renunciation and present the renunciation to the viceroy,
audiencia or governor within seventy days.3 If the renunciante
did not live twenty days beyond the date of renunciation, the office
escheated to the real hacienda the same as though he had died
without making any renunciation in favor of another party.4 The
escribano de cabildo (cabildo scrivener) and the officials of the
real hacienda were to notify the viceroy of any salable offices that
should become vacant.5 Even though an escribano secured his
office by renunciation, he could not exercise it until he had received
his proper credentials from the royal authorities.6
The evaluation of the offices renounced was verified by the fiscal
to prevent fraud.7 For the act of renunciation to be held up await-
ing an evaluation of the office, the act must be of benefit to the
real hacienda and certified proof to that effect must be sent to the
Council of the Indies.8
All offices sold or renounced had to be confirmed by the Council
of the Indies, six years being allowed for confirmation in the most
distant parts and five years for the othersY If the purchaser of
"8:20:19, 1627. 18:21:1, 1604, 1606. 28:21:1, 1604, 1606.
"8:21:4, 1606. 48:21:6, Felipe III. 68:22:2, 1652.
88:21:25, 1547. '8:21:14 and 15, 1587, 1606. '8:21:24, 1619.
"6:19:6, 1627 to 1646.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916, periodical, 1916; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101067/m1/81/: accessed May 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.