The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916 Page: 74
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
the cabildo and the fines of the cabildo were executory.22 A city
could only appeal a civil case for its consejo when the case in
question arose or had its principal cause within its own juris-
All officials of the cabildo were subject to residencia.24 A pen-
alty of one hundred dollars was imposed on any one except members
of the cabildo who should sit on the benches placed in the church
for that body,25 but the cabildo was forbidden to upholster these
benches in any manner whatsoever.20 If presidio officers were
present, the cabildo chose which side it would occupy and the
presidio officials then took the other side, they being prohibited
from using either chairs or cushions.27
The inconsistency of the various public laws of the Recopilacidn
is well illustrated in the matter of regidores. One law, already
cited under the founding of towns, provided for twelve regidores
for the metropolitan city, eight for the others, and four for the
villas and lugares.' Another law dealing specifically with regidores
provided twelve for the principal cities, and no more than six for
other cities, villas and pueblos.2 The regidores were to be elected,
in case the power of appointing them had not been given to the
adelantado, the number to be elected being determined by the gov-
ernor in conformity with the laws on the subject.3
The regidores were forbidden to have an interest in any public
occupations such as the carniceria (slaughter house), and in case
they were entrusted with any public funds they had to give suffi-
cient bond.4 They were forbidden to have any sort of a retail
establishment in the town even though it was to sell the products
of their own farm." They were all to be land owners as stated
above in the section on the cabildo.o In case a regidor desired to
report a certain evil to the royal authorities, the complaint had to
be made first in the cabildo and acted on there by all the members
225:12:20, 1634, Carlos II. 285:12:18, 1558.
25:15:15, 1556. A residencia was an investigation of one's offidial con-
duct at the end of his term.
253:15:83, 1591 to 1633. 263:15:87, 1630. 273:15:102, 1640 to 1613.
'4:7:2, Felipe II. 24:10:2, 1523 to 1610. 84:10:3, 1523.
'4:10:10, 1613. "4:10:12, 1528 to 1587. 4:10:22, 1618.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916, periodical, 1916; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101067/m1/83/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.