The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916 Page: 76
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
alcaldes were installed." As alcaldes ordinarios were not eligible
for re-election till after two years, the ordinary danger of such an
arrangement was lacking. They had to pass the first residencia
also before they were eligible for re-election.21 The election of
alcaldes ordinarios had to be confirmed by the viceroy or governor.22
To a certain extent the jurisdiction of the alcalde ordinario was
settled by custom.23 In pueblos where there was no governor or
lieutenant (teniente) of the governor, the two alcaldes ordinarios
had jurisdiction in first instance in all cases (negocios, causas, y
cases), both civil and criminal, over which the governor had juris-
diction.24 Appeal from this jurisdiction was to the cabildo, gov-
ernor or audiencia, depending on the character of the particular
case to be appealed.25 In certain places suits between an Indian
and a Spaniard came within the cognizance of the alcalde ordinario,
although in the main, cases involving the Indians were not subject
to the jurisdiction of the officials of the Spanish towns.26 The
alcalde ordinario must hold court in the casa de cabildo or mu-
nicipal building at the accustomed hour, even though a sale of
offices by the governor and oficiales reales should be held at the
same time."27 Special laws governed the jurisdiction of the alcaldes
ordinarios in the great capital cities like Lima, Mexico, or Manila.28
In the cities containing an audiencia the alcaldes ordinarios were
not to give assistance invoked by the ecclesiastical courts against
the Indians or other persons.29
In important cases the alcaldes de hermandad were to turn their
prisoners over to the alcaldes ordinarios,0 and in the absence of
the alcaldes de hermandad, the alcaldes ordinarios were to. take
over their functions.81 In general, cases involving less than twenty
pesos were to be settled by the escribanos without their going to
the alcaldes ordinarios.82
The gobernadores and alcaldes mayores could take cognizance of
cases before the alcalde ordinario only upon appeal."8 The presi-
205:3:3, 1612. 25:3:9, 1535, 1619. 225:3:10, 1559 to 1648.
285:3:19, 1578. "5:3:1, 1537. "5:12:17, 5:12:12-13.
205:3:16, 1561. 25:3:22, 1626, 1630. 285:3:23-25, 1596 to 1636.
"3:1:2, 1573 to 1595.
85:4:5, 1591, 1618. Alcaldes de hermandad represented the cabildo in
matters outside the limits of the municipality.
"5:3:18, 1544 to 1578. 825:10:1, 1563. "5:12:12, 1519.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916, periodical, 1916; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101067/m1/85/: accessed January 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.