The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916 Page: 84
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
instructed to collect the tax and pay it out for this purpose under
warrants from the president and judges of the real audiencia. The
law states that the purpose of this special arrangement was to elim-
inate the evils and dangers of collection and administration. The
money collected was to be kept entirely separate from that of the
real hacienda.82 The accounts of a city containing the audiencia
were audited by a judge (oidor) appointed for that purpose.38 For
the other places, the governors were instructed to take an annual
account of the property of each pueblo through the instrumentality
of the oficiales reales. This account was to be sent to the Council
of the Indies in order that that body might review and understand
the distribution and expenditure of said property.8"
In the fishing and pearl fishery country little communities of a
temporary character sprang up, especially in the Cumana region,
and although some sort of local government was needed, the char-
acter of the population and surroundings made the dignified cabildo
of the ordinary Spanish pueblo out of place.86 It was provided,
therefore, that the governor, together with the boat owners, should
elect an alcalde ordinario and four regidores or diputados (depu-
ties) for a term of one year or till their successors should be duly
elected.37 If the rancheria were included within the jurisdiction
of two different provinces, two diputados were to be elected from
one jurisdiction and two from the other, and the alcalde ordinario
was to be chosen from the citizens of the one province one year and
from the citizens of the other the next, the alcalde for the first
year to be determined by lot.88
The qualification for an election in the rancheria was the owner-
ship of a boat that was duly armed and equipped with no less than
"4:15:9, 1638. 884:9:21. "4:13:6, 1573.
85In popular parlance, a rancherfa was any Indian village, and in so far
as it was distinguishable from the term reduccion, it was an Indian village
free from the supervision of the mission. The framers of the laws of the
Indies had no interest in any Indian village government not under the
control of the mission or the governor; consequently, this popular use of
the term rancherfa is not found in the Recopilaci6n, even though it
came into general use after the Recopilaci6n rancherfa had been forgotten
by all but historians.
884:25:1, Carlos II. 8a4:25:3, Carlos II. 884:25:8, 1579.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916, periodical, 1916; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101067/m1/93/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.