The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917 Page: 243
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Commercial Aspects of the Texan Santa Fe Expedition 243
Bancroft followed Kendall and Yoakum, but he did not leave
the subject with a mere statement of facts, taking occasion to
comment upon the sending of the expedition, characterizing it as
"an ill--digested scheme," the long distance between the settled
areas of Texas and New Mexico being infested with savages, and
the government and people of New Mexico being loyal to Mexico.6
Garrison emphasizes the desire of Lamar to get possession of the
countr'v east of the upper Rio Grande, but he makes no mention
of a commercial reason for the expedition.7
The Arkansas-Louisiana Border Trade
The writer believes that both commercial and political reasons
were back of the Texan Santa Fe expedition, but none of the his-
torians have been fully acquainted with border conditions, nor
have they been cognizant of the whole of Lamar's project, especi-
ally in its commercial and diplomatic aspects. Recently examined
materials make possible not only a clearer conception of the rea-
sons for sending the expedition, but also call attention to the
border trade of Arkansas of which little has been written, but
which profoundly affected Lamar's policy.
Up to the present time we have had information concerning
three expeditions between the Arkansas-Louisiana border and the
Mexican provinces between 1821 and 1840, namely, the Glenn ex-
pedition of 1821, the Albert Pike journey of 1831, and the Gregg
trip of 1839. Concerning the Glenn expedition, for many years
historians depended upon the scant statement of Gregg," but the
discovery and publication of the journal of Jacob Fowler, who
accompanied Glenn from Arkansas to the New Mexican settle-
ments, has added greatly to our knowledge of that episode.9
to its Annewation to the United States in 1846 (2v. New York, 1856),
II, 312-313. Yoakum was in error regarding the supposed amount of the
Santa F@ trade, for Archer reported it as amounting to three or four
millions. See Sec'y of War, Rpt. to 6 Cong., Sept. 30, 1841, Republic
of Texas, State Department, Army Papers, 1840-1841.
eHubert Howe Bancroft, History of the North Mexican States and
Texas (2v. San Francisco, 1889), II, 332-333.
'George Pierce Garrison, Texas, a Contest of Civilizations (Boston,
'Josiah Gregg, Commerce of the Prairies (2v. New York, 1844), I, 21.
Reprinted in Early Western Travels (R. G. Thwaites, ed.), XIX-XX.
'Jacob Fowler, Journal, narrating an Adventure from Arkansas . .
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917, periodical, 1917; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101070/m1/249/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.