The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917 Page: 20
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
latter were due largely to the adoption of the form of a, federal
republic, which compelled, to some extent, the imitation of the
American model. But even in so, imitating, the framers of the
constitution endeavored to mould the unfamiliar institutions of
the North to the familiar institutions of Spain."'4
This study is based upon the Acta Constitutiva, which was
adopted January 31, 1824. This act was the basis upon which
the constitution of 1824, as well as all other Mexican constitu-
tions recognizing the federal principle, have been erected. Its
skeletal character enables one to see in it more clearly than in
the maze of detail of a more elaborate fundamental law the in-
tention of the makers of the constitution. Furthermore, those
responsible for the adoption of the A cia Constitutiva were like-
wise responsible for the adoption of the constitution of 1824.
Merely an inspection of the A cta Constitutiva and of the
Spanish constitution of 1812 reveals parallelism of treatment
and, at times, the use of identical language. The Acta. Consti-
tutiva, being but a framework upon which the constitution of
Mexico was later to be constructed, does not contain all of the
titles to be found in the constitution of 1812 but the general
order of treatment is the same in all essentials. This similarity
is to be noted, not only in the broad general outlines of the two
documents, but descends to the sub-structure, as may be illus-
trated by the opening articles of both.
Capitulo I, Tftulo I, of the
Spanish constitution of 1812
Article 1. "The Spanish nation
is formed by the union of the
Spaniards of both hemispheres."
Article 2. "The Spanish nation
is free and independent and is
not, nor can it become the patri-
mony of any person or family."
The Acta Constitutiva, Titulo
Article 1. "The Mexican na-
tion is composed of the provinces
included in the viceroyalty hith-
erto called New Spain, the Cap-
tain Generalcy of Yucatan and the
'provincias internas de oriente y
Article 2. "The Mexican na-
tion is free and independent of
Spain and of other powers and is
not the patrimony of any person
4Texas State Historical Association, THE QUARTERLY, III, 166-167.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917, periodical, 1917; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101070/m1/26/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.