The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917 Page: 24
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Th-e Southwestern Historical Quarterly
to give decrees and ordinances better to complement the federal
constitution and the federal laws."
Article 17. "All decrees and ordinances of the chief executive
shall be signed by the secretary of state affected by them and
without this signature they are not to be obeyed."
The Constitution of 1812 states:
Titulo IV, Capitulo I, Section 1. "The king may issue de-
crees, rules, and instructions which are considered necessary to
the execution of the laws."
Titulo IV, Capitulo VI, Article 225, provides that "All the
ordinances of the king shall be signed by the secretary of state
to whose department they correspond. No citizen or tribunal
shall give credence to them without the satisfaction of this re-
Thus it would appear that in the definition of the powers to
be granted to the chief executive, in the character of the veto
power, and in the ordinance power, the framers of the Acta Con-
stitutiva did not vary a great deal from the Spanish constitution.
The Acta Constitutiva says little with regard to the organiza-
tion of the judiciary. It provides that the federal judicial power
shall be vested in a supreme court and in "those courts which
shall be established in the states."18 Judgments by special com-
mission, together with retroactive laws are to be abolished.1o The
definition of the field of jurisdiction of the supreme court, to-
gether with the creation of inferior grades of courts, is left to
the succeeding constitutional convention.
The last two titles of the Acta Constitutiva deal with the or-
ganization of state governments. As the opening articles of the
instrument are but a copy of the provisions of the Spanish con-
stitution of 1812, so the closing articles are but a copy of the
provisions of the constitution of the United States. The tri-
partite division of powers of the federal government was to be
extended to the states.20 The legislative power of the states was
to be vested in a body which was to be popularly elected after
the fashion to be set by the various state constitutions.2'1 The
IActa Constitutive, Art. 18.
Ilbid., Art. 19.
20lbid., Art. 20.
21Ibid., Art. 21.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917, periodical, 1917; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101070/m1/30/: accessed June 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.