The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917 Page: 27
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The Sources of the Mexican Acta Gonstitutiva
gates, November 23, 1823. He subsequently took a leading part
in securing the adoption of the constitution of 1824.28
Bancroft says of Arizpe and his connection with the constitu-
tion of 1812, "Among the American delegates there was one
particularly bright man, the deputy from the 'provincias internas
de oriente,' Dr. Miguel Ramos Arizpe, parish priest of the villa
of Borb6n in the colony of Nueva Santander, now state of
Tamaulipas. .. . He was full of spirit, fond of talking and
one would never suspect, either from his manner or his dress,
that he was a priest. He thought his countrymen too gentle and
would often say, 'I am not a Mexican, I am a Comanche,' and
he came to be known by that name."29
Into the fabric of any constitution there enter many diverse
elements, but it would appear to be clear that in the Acta Con-
stitutiva, and in its offspring, the constitution of 1824, the most
prominent influences were those of the United States and of
Spain. The natural influence of the Spanish connection, to-
gether with the bias of the draftsman, have given great promi-
nence to the Spanish element. The direct influence of France
and of Colombia at this time were of minor importance, although
they were to be of great importance within a decade. There
seems little room for agreement with Sefior Sol6rzano, who be-
fore the constituent assembly May 25, 1824, declared, "This
mania for following others results in the greatest errors. The
errors of the Spanish were taken from the French, and those of
Venezuela from Spain, and in ours (proposed constitution) we
have the errors of Venezuela. In this way instead of one error
we have three, and in this I see nothing new, nor useful."30
The Acta Constitutiva appears, rather, to be the attempt to inject
the federal principle of government, as borrowed from the United
States, into an instrument of government essentially Spanish in
28Sosa, Francisco, Biografias de Mejicanos Distinguidos.
2"Bancroft, H. H., Mexico, IV, 449-450.
soDiario de los Debates, May 25, 1824.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917, periodical, 1917; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101070/m1/33/: accessed May 27, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.