The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917 Page: 29
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German Settlers of Millheim Before the Civil War
with his wife to his farm in Austin County. We went in a
sailing vessel to New Orleans and arrived there in January, 1856.
Thence we went in a steamboat to Galveston, thence in another
steamboat to. Houston, thence in an ambulance drawn by mules
to the farm of said farmer. In April I moved to Millheim,
where I boarded with E. G. Maetze and later with Dr. H. Nagel.
In January, 1857, I bought a farm in Millheim. In June, 1857,
I made a trip on horseback with five farmers, who wanted to in-
spc-ct their lands in the Miller and Fisher grant in Llano County.
We had a hack for our baggage, because we camped at night and
for dinner. We went through La Grange, Bastrop, Austin, Bur-
net County to Castell and Leiningen on the Llano River. There
I separated from them, who went directly to their homes, and
rode alone to Fredericksburg, San Antonio and New Braunfels,
at which place the 4th of July was celebrated. There I listened
to the songs of a singing society. Thence I went back to Mill-
heim. I carried no arms, because there was no danger of an
attack by Indians then in that part of Western Texas. C'atspring
and Millheim are adjoining. The first German immigrants ar-
rived in Catspring in 1834 and in Millheim at least ten years
later. In 1856 the hardships of pioneer life had gone. In these
settlements were blacksmiths, wheelwrights, carpenters, shoe-
makers, tailors, brickmasons, a cabinet maker, a saddler, a tanner,
and a tinner. The ordinary farm laborer received free board
and fifty cents per day. The teamster received fifty or seventy-
five cents per hundred pounds for freight to or from Houston.
The farmers of Millheim lived in frame dwelling houses, but
some of the pioneer settlers lived still in block houses. The
farms of the pioneer settlers were located where water and wood
was handy, even where the soil was poor. Those who came later
settled in their neighborhood, but most on the East of the old
settlement on the black lands South of Millcreek. The Bernard
Prairie extending from the Brazos to the Colorado and from
Catspring to Brazoria County was a ranch free for cattle and
horses. Therefore, many settlers were cattle and horse raisers.
Some raised sheep, but with no success on account of depreda-
tion by wolves. Corn bread, bacon, molasses and coffee, occa-
sional fish and venison, were the principal food of the pioneers.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917, periodical, 1917; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101070/m1/35/: accessed November 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.