The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917 Page: 31
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German Settlers of Millheim Before the Civil War
settlers of the small settlement of Millheim were former students
at German universities, namely: E. G. Maetze, Dr. Nagel, Lawyer
E. Kloss, Referendarius F. Engelking, Meisterlin and myself.
Besides them lived there quite a number of highly educated Ger-
mans, for instance, Lieutenant Constant, Professor F. A. Trenck-
mann, Wilms, E. Kleberg, Robert and Alex. Kloss.
E. G. Maetze was born at Glogau in the Province Silesia of
the Kingdom of Prussia on the 12th day of September, 1817.
His father was the secretary of a Prussian general. In conse-
quence of the war the family became poor. His wife kept a pri-
vate boarding house with such success that her son could be
educated in the gymnasium of Glogau and later in the university
of Breslau. After graduation he was appointed rector of the
town school of Bernstadt. In 1848 he was elected a representa-
tive to the Prussian National Assembly. He joined the demo-
cratic wing of the Assembly. The royal government usurped
arbitrary power. Therefore, the Assembly resolved that no taxes
should be paid to the government. The resolution was not exe-
cuted, because the people were tired of the frequent political dis-
turbances and wanted peace and the government was supported
by the army. The representatives who voted for said resolution,
were prosecuted. E. G. Maetze escaped to Texas. He went to
New Ulm and worked for a farmer. Hunting a horse in the
Bernard Prairie he met F. Engelking, who invited him to become
a tutor of his children. Maetze accepted the proposal and a short
time afterwards he established the first school at Millheim with
six pupils at forty dollars per pupil in the first year. He bought
a piece of land, on which he built a dwelling and outhouses, so
that his wife and his two children could come to Texas and have
a home. The number of pupils grew from year to year, not only
from the neighborhood but also from distant places. He taught
school at Millheim more than twenty-fives years. He was a
great speaker. His voice was euphonic, his gestures dignified,
his speech logical. He joined the Democratic Party, but was
opposed to secession. As his party was for secession, he did not
vote. He submitted to the will of the people and became a loyal
Confederate citizen. His son enlisted in Sibley's Brigade. In
1856 he was elected county commissioner, later senator and later
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917, periodical, 1917; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101070/m1/37/: accessed April 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.