The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917 Page: 33
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German Settlers of Millheim Before the Civil War
DR. HERMANN NAGEL.-Born in Prittzwalk, Mark Branden-
burg, Germany; attended the usual schools, and afterwards the
Universities of Jena, Wurzburg, and graduated in medicine at
the University of Berlin. Married Friedricka Litzmann, a daugh-
ter of a Lutheran clergyman: practiced his profession for a brief
period, but in 1847 he and his wife sailed for New Orleans,
where they arrived after the usual journey of many weeks, to
continue it to the interior of Texas. They settled in Colorado
County, about twelve miles from Columbus, on the St. Bernardo.
The first intention was to abandon the profession, and to devote
himself to the small farm which he had acquired. Very soon,
however, the demand for medical aid was such that he returned
to the practice of medicine, which profession he followed through-
out his life. About 1855 he moved to Millheim, in Austin County,
and again acquired a small farm, which was cultivated in the
manner then in vogue, without, however, surrendering the pro-
fessional pursuit. Life under these conditions no doubt answered
every expectation and hope that had been entertained, until the
breaking out of the Civil War, when conditions were naturally
rendered difficult by the fact that Dr. Nagel sided with the
In spite of the admitted need of medical men, and in spite
of the very universal consideration with which he was treated,
he concluded, in November, 1863, that it was no longer safe for
him to remain at home. Leaving his wife and two children, he
took his older son Charles with him, determined to make his way
to Mexico. After many weeks of doubt and difficulty, they suc-
ceeded in crossing the border; from there made their way to
Monterey; then to Matamoras, and from there by sail ship to
New York, from which point they came to St. Louis. Landing
here with fourteen dollars left, Dr. Nagel again established him-
self in his profession, and in the course of a few years had a
comfortable income from his practice. After one year his wife
(the two remaining children having in the meantime died),
joined him, she having also come by way of Mexico and New
In 1872 Dr. Nagel visited Berlin, for the first time after leav-
ing his native country, and while his son heard lectures in law,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917, periodical, 1917; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101070/m1/39/: accessed April 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.