The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918 Page: 6
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The Southwestern IHistorical Quarterly
to be realized, as the United States produced the articles most
needed in Texas, and could furnish them cheaper in spite of the
discriminatory duties than England or France could furnish
them; and that the duty was really an additional burden to the
THE CAMPAIGN POR FREE TRADE ,
The Tariff Act of January 27, 1842, was the last tariff act to
find its way to the statute books, but it was after this date that
the most strenuous campaign was carried on both in Congress
and in newspapers for a radical modification or repeal of all tariff
laws. After the passage of this act there developed three well
defined parties with regard to the tariff; those who favored main-
taining the high rates either for revenue or protection, those who
favored absolute free trade, and those who favored a moderate
tariff of from 10 to 15 per cent ad valorem. It is with the grow-
ing strength of the moderate tariff advocates, whose measures
were defeated only by executive veto, that this chapter has to deal.
In the election during the summer of 1842, practically every
member of congress from east of the Trinity river was in favor
of a repeal of the tariff, while in the western part of the state
a good majority were in favor of revision downward. 06 The
editor of the Telegraph and Texas Register, referring to the ex-
ultation of The Red-Lander of San Augustine over the election
of members in the East favoring repeal, said that the West was
ready to join with the East in repealing the tariff laws. He said
that the West, besides repelling the Mexican invasion, paid for
the support of the government more than four times as much as
Later, however, the Telegraph and Texas Register aligned it-
self definitely and permanently with the advocates of a moderate
tariff for revenue as a supplement to a direct tax. On November
30, 1842, the editor wrote a long and serious article on the con-
6&Telegraph and Texas Register, January 10, 1844.
06sTelegraph and Texas Register, October 5. 1842.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918, periodical, 1918; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101073/m1/12/: accessed January 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.