The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918 Page: 9
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The Tariff History of the Republic of Texas
referred to a special committee, which on January 9, reported
adversely, and a combination of free traders and high tariff ad-
vocates caused its defeat.114
It was charged during the consideration of these bills, partic-
ularly the one for repeal, that the actions of several of the east-
ern members showed, in spite of the fact that they were most
loud in denunciation of the tariff, that they were secretly in favor
of it, because the collector at Galveston had shown that the cus-
toms at Galveston could almost support the government.115 An
analysis of the vote on the measure, however, will not bear out
that charge. The first test of strength of the sections was in re-
ferring the bill to the finance committee, and the vote on this
shows that the East was almost unanimous for immediate pas-
sage without referring, only two members from the East voting
with the majority, while nine members from the East and two
from the West voted against referring. In the vote on engross-
ment the solid East joined by a number from the West, some of
whom voted against final passage, succeeded in passing the bill
to engrossment. On final passage the vote shows that the same
nine. members from the East who had consistently favored re-
peal, joined by nine from the West who despaired of reduction,
made up the 18 votes in favor of repeal, while the same two
members from the East who had voted for referring and against
engrossment, with sixteen from the West made the 18 votes
against repeal. The eastern members opposing repeal were Mat-
thews of Red River County and Hodge of Fannin County. The
probable foundation for this charge was that free traders at this
time steadily refused to enter into a compromise with the mod-
erates and thus to force a reduction to a 10 per cent ad valorem
During the following summer the tariff was the chief issue in
the campaign for the election of congressmen. Prior to this time
no evidence is found that a candidate's attitude on the tariff in-
fluenced his election or rejection, but the issue was still more
clearly drawn in the election of the members of the Ninth Con-
gress. A tendency on the part of the free traders is also found
:14Seventh Congress, House Journal, 192.
115Telegraph and Texas Register, December 28, 1842.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918, periodical, 1918; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101073/m1/15/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.