The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918 Page: 146
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
to the yet greater disintegrating forces of foreign war, revolu-
tion, and lack of care.4 Even in the case of those American
countries whose archives retain an unusual degree of complete-
ness,5 the small local materials will usually be present in Spain,
as well as in the land of origination, owing to the incessant and
systematic accumulation of minute detail, for action by the au-
thorities in Spain.6
The value of the materials in Seville, as compared with those
of other archives, may be illustrated by tracing the documenta-
tion of a given case. It may be supposed that Lacy, the Span-
ish minister to Russia, reports to Grimaldi, the Spanish minister
of state, that the Russians are preparing to make conquests in
the Californias. Grimaldi, in turn, informs Arriaga, the min-
istro general de Indias, and the latter asks the viceroy, Bucarely,
to strengthen the defences of Alta California. Bucarely orders
Governor Rivera of Alta California to report on the state of the
presidios in his province. In due time, Rivera writes to the
various presidial commanders, and receives their replies, after
which he communicates the result to Bucarely. Bucarely writes
to Arriaga, who asks Gilvez, as one familiar with Alta Cali-
fornia affairs, his opinion about the Rivera report. Gilvez re-
plies, and Arriaga then sends the whole file to the Council of the
Indies, with a request for its action. Finally, the Council in-
forms Arriaga, of what it has done. In such a case, a great many
other documents would in fact be included in the expediente, but
the above are sufficient for purposes of illustration. The follow-
ing would be the usual documentary result in the archives of
Salinas (the county-seat of Monterey County, California), Mexico
City. and Seville.7
4For example, in the case of Peru.
"For example, several of the archives of Mexico.
OSee Chapman, The founding of Spanish California, p. 170, n. 63, espe-
cially the second column of page 170.
'The abbreviations used are the following: "Or." for an original, signed
with the name and rubric of the writer; "Dft." for the draft or file copy
of the writer; "Cer." for a certified copy; "C." for uncertified copies. These
abbreviations are also used in combination.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918, periodical, 1918; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101073/m1/152/: accessed July 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.