The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918 Page: 10
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
during this campaign to recede from their contention for abso-
lute free trade and compromise on a. very low rate.
This campaign for reduction was led as usual by the Telegraph
and Texas Register. From that time on, in the opinion of this
paper, the cure for every evil connected with the tariff was a re-
duction to a 10 per cent level. If charges were made that the
East was not paying its share of the government revenue, it said
the tariff ought to be reduced; if charges were made with regard
to smuggling in the East, the tariff ought to be reduced. As
early as April 19, 1843, this campaign began when the editor in
a diatribe against the tariff recommended that representatives be
chosen to reduce the tariff.1"6 The Red-Lander, which before
that time had been the chief advocate of free trade and defender
of the East, showed a beginning of a change of heart when it
endorsed the article in the Telegraph and Texas Register, saying
that the argument regarding double taxation by payment of duties
in Texas and on goods from the United States which were not
allowed a drawback, would be more valid if it were not true that
nine-tenths of the easterners did not pay any duties at all. The
editor agreed that a tariff w'as necessaryy for revenue, but claimed
that it was absurd to, levy a tariff for any other purpose.:17
One of the reasons urged against the tariff was that it led to
smuggling. During this campaign for congress, the Northern
Standard of Clarksville suggested as a remedy that the sheriff of
each county be permitted, when he collected direct taxes, to swear
each individual as to whether or not he had in his possession any-
thing on which duties had not been paid. The Telegraph and
Texas Register replied to this by saying that this would not rem-
edy the matter. The only remedy, in its opinion, was the reduc-
tion of the tariff to such a figure that it would be more advan-
tageous to pay the duties than to run the risk of smuggling.',8
On July 5, the same paper announced that a large number of
western congressmen would support a reduction of the tariff, and
suggested that a spirit of compromise would succeed in bringing
about a reduction. On July 26, it announced the conversion of
"'Telegraph and Texas Register, April 19, 1843.
11From The Red-Lander, copied in Telegraph and Texas Register, June
"'Telegraph and Texas Register, April 26, 1843.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918, periodical, 1918; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101073/m1/16/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.