The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918 Page: 11
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The Tariff History of the Republic of Texas
the Galveston Civilian, which had uniformly supported a high
tariff, to. the advocacy of reduction. On September 6, it accused
the editor of The Red-Lander of changing his mind with regard
to repeal because he had become convinced that the tariff was
actually aiding the East while the West was bearing the entire
burden of the government. In fact, in almost every issue some
phase of the tariff question was taken up, usually ending with
the assertion that the remedy for all evils was to reduce the tariff
to a 10 per cent basis.
The only. journalistic support for a high tariff at that time was
given by The Planter of Columbia and The National Vindicator
of Washington-the "Organ of the Executive at Washington," as
it was referred to by the Telegraph and Texas Register. The
Planter favored a high tariff because it would stimulate manu-
factures at home, "which although they may not bear comparison
with foreign fabrics, still are cheaply purchased, for they are pur-
chased without credit.":19 The National Vindica.tor did not at-
tempt to defend the system, but said that it was an experiment,
and that another year was necessary to determine the success of
The introduction in the House, December 18, 1843, by Dar-
nell of San Augustine County of a bill to amend or repeal in
part the Tariff Act of January 27, 1842, indicates that some
of the eastern members had been won over to a moderate tariff,
while the introduction on the 28th by Scurry, also of San Augus-
tine County, of a bill to repeal the tariff laws and declare the
ports of Texas free indicates that the East was divided.121 These
bills were referred to the committee on Finance, which on Janu-
ary 3, 1844, presented a substitute in keeping with the idea of
reduction.122 The committee substitute, with minor amendments,
passed to engrossment on the 13th, after efforts were made to
admit sugar, coffee, rice, steel, and salt, free of duty. The vote
was 33 to 3.123 The final passage of the measure took place on
"9Telegraph and Texas Register, September 20, 1843.
12oTelegraph and Texas Register, January 3, 1844.
21Eighth Congress, House Journal, 40, 82.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918, periodical, 1918; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101073/m1/17/: accessed June 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.