The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918 Page: 13
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The Tariff History of the Republic of Texas
was needed. In the House the East voted solid for passage over
the veto, but in the Senate one eastern member supported the
During the pendency of this bill in congress the Telegraph and
Texas Register did not miss an opportunity to express its advo-
cacy of its passage. On January 10, 1844, the editor insisted
on a repeal of the five per cent discriminatory duty, for the rea-
son that the United States had also announced the enforcement
of discrimination against Texas, arguing that because of connec-
tions in the United States, because of long credit that could be
secured there, and because of the little expense in visiting the
American markets, it was more advantageous for the merchants
to. trade with the United States; that they were going to trade
there, and this discriminatory duty was an extra burden and
secured no concessions from the United States. On January 17,
he urged direct taxes as against the tariff as the foundation for
revenue, saying that within eight years the direct taxes might be
made to yield all the revenue needed by the government. He also
suggested the desirability of enquiring into the tariff of the United
States and Mexico, and reducing the duties on articles which were.
charged high duties in those countries with the view of captur--
ing the commerce of the Western Hemisphere from them. On
the 24th he repeated that a low tariff might make the United
States tributary to Texas, and even force the United States to,
abolish the tariff system. On February 18, he again urged the-
repeal of the "odious five per cent tax," saying that although
Texas was paying a premium of five per cent for European goods,
they had not amounted to one-sixth of those of the United States.
With the defeat of the tariff bill in the Eighth Congress only
by the veto of the president, and with the near success in pass-
ing the bill over his veto, it became clear that the tariff question
would be one of the main questions in the campaign for congress
the following summer, and that it would even enter into the cam-
paign for the presidency. And the question of the reduction of
the tariff did become the leading issue, with the advocates of free-
trade modifying their opinions to the extent that they were will-
ing to accept any reduction to as low as 15 per cent ad valorem.
"Eighth Congress, House Journal, 467. Eighth Congress, Senate Jour-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918, periodical, 1918; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101073/m1/19/: accessed October 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.