The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918 Page: 15
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The Tariff History of the Republic of Texas
began by saying that he had agreed to give his opinion on all
questions of importance, and then in his article he discussed noth-
ing but the tariff, giving his reasons for favoring repeal. He
mixed up a little of the conventional argument for free-trade
with a little of the application of the argument to Texas.132' His
ideas are not important except as they indicate the attitude of
his section. As he was elected it can be presumed that his con-
stituents were also for repeal. In June Henry W. Sublett, can-
didate for congress from San Augustine County, announced his
platform. The tariff was the main question under discussion in
his announcement. He favored free-trade, but he was doubtful
about the advisability of its adoption at that time. He threw
out a suggestion that the tariff be used for trading purposes,
Texas granting free trade to those countries which would do the
same for her.13" He was defeated, and an advocate of reduction
was elected. I am, not prepared to say just how far their atti-
tude toward the subject under discussion was the cause, but of
forty members of the Eighth Congress only nine were returned,
and only six of the twelve members of the Senate.34
The stage was all set to carry through the program of the
revisionists. An overwhelming majority had been returned in
favor of revision. With few exceptions the journals were advo-
cating reduction or repeal. A resolution had been passed in the
House instructing the committee on finance to enquire into the
policy of repeal, and if repeal was impolitic, into. the policy of
reduction.1'" At this juncture President Anson Jones sent his
message to Congress which not only advocated the continuance of
the tariff as a revenue measure, but also the adoption of inci-
dental protection. With regard to the tariff he said:
We are in a great measure endebted to the tariff for the present
healthy condition of our finances, and past experience proves that
it is impossible that the government can subsist without it. No
system of direct taxation can adequately supply its place. One
of the most serious objections to the tariff system has heretofore
13-'From Matagorda Dispatch, in Telegraph and Texas Register, July
" 3The Red-Lander, June 22, 1844.
'14Texas National Register, December 7, 1844.
1Ninth Congress, House Journal, 34.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918, periodical, 1918; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101073/m1/21/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.