The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918 Page: 17
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The Tariff History of the Republic of Texas
to 10, three eastern members joining seven western members in
opposing it.140 The bill passed the Senate unanimously the same
day after the rate was raised from 10 to 15 per cent ad va-
This bill provided for a gradual reduction of all tariff duties
to a 15 per cent level. Nine months after its passage the first
reduction of 5 per cent was to take place, and thereafter a quar-
terly reduction of 5 per cent until the 15 per cent level should
be reached. Another provision, to, take effect July 1, 1845, was
for the repeal of the discriminatory duty of 5 per cent on goods
brought in foreign bottoms from countries, which had no treaty
with Texas.l4" The bill was vetoed by President Jones, however,
on the ground that Congress had made no. provision for the sup-
port of the government without the tariff system, and for the
reason that the tariff was the most nearly just method of raising
During this session the representatives of the East took ad-
vantage of an opportunity to defend their section against the re-
peated charges of evading the tariff duties. Early in the ses-
sion petitions for the modification of the tariff from citizens of
Galveston, Houston, and other places, were referred to a special
committee. The committee was unable to agree on a report, con-
sequently three reports were submitted, one signed by thd chair-
man, H. McLeod of Galveston, another by S. L. Jones of San
Patricio, and the third by William R. Scurry of Red River and
George W. Smith of Jasper. The chairman reported in favor of
reduction on the old ground that it was unequally administered.
He gave figures showing that the West paid at the average rate
of $23.46 for each voter, while the East paid at the rate of $3.06.
He gave for the preceding year the imports from Galveston as
$501,734, while for the same period the imports into, San Augus-
tine were only $70,610. He said that the population of the two
counties was about the same, and the difference in imports rep-
resented the amount of smuggling into San Augustine County.44
mNinth Congress, Senate Journal, 266.
42Telegraph and Texas Register, February 12, 1845.
'43Texas National Register, February 15, 1845.
"Ninth 'Congress, House Journal, 170.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918, periodical, 1918; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101073/m1/23/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.