The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918 Page: 19
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The Tariff History of the Republic of Texas
tariff of the United States would be more burdensome than that
of Texas. The editor thought that Texas ought to remain inde-
pendent, reduce the tariff to 10 per cent for countries which
would grant the same privileges to, Texas, and maintain the 5
per cent discriminatory duty. This policy, in conection with the
high tariff policy of the United States would make Texas the
leading commercial nation of North America, and Galveston the
In the meantime a joint resolution had passed both houses of
Congress in the United States, February 28, 1945, extending to
Texas an offer of annexation, and President Tyler had despatched
a messenger to Texas with the offer.48 President Jones called
a special session of the Texan Congress and a convention to pass
on the offer of annexation. Congress met June 16, and the con-
vention July 4, and the question was voted on, all but one mem-
ber favoring annexation. It was submitted to the people and
ratified by them on October 13, with only a few dissenting
votes.49 The final act admitting Texas as a state was passed
on December 29, 1845, and the state government of Texas was
installed on February 16, 1846.150
The joint resolution had provided among other things that the
state was to cede to the United States all public edifices, ports,
and harbors, and other property and means of defenses, and to re-
tain its public funds, debts, taxes, etc.'5' In accordance with this
agreement, the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States
issued orders, December 31, 1845, creating Texas a collectoral dis-
trict of the United States. The Texas authorities, however, as-
sumed that a transfer of custom-houses and other property could
not take place till the meeting of the First Legislature, hence they
delayed putting the order into effect until February 16, 1846,
when the custom-houses were turned over to the United States,
and the tariff history of the Republic of Texas came to an end.'52
14"Texas National Register, March 15, 1845.
48Garrison, Westward Extension, 153.
1"2Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, First Legislature, Senate
Journal, ap. 15.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918, periodical, 1918; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101073/m1/25/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.