The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918 Page: 300
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
the University of Texas, and a translation by Stephen F. Austin in the
Texas Gazette, Nos. 3, 4, and 5, October 13, 24, and 31. The University
has Nos. 3 and 5, and Mrs. Mila T. 'Morris of Houston, Texas, has, the first
volume of the Gazette very nearly complete. The writer is indebted to the
generosity of Mrs. Morris for the use of her copy. The law is so nearly
inaccessible that the sections defining the functions of the ayuntamiento
are here reprinted.
"Art. 109. The ayuntamiento shall promote the establishment of hos-
pitals, poor houses, or houses of charity and benevolence, they shall take
care that the streets, markets, public places and prisons pare kept clean,
and also that the apothecary shops and other establishments that may
have any influence on the public health shall be kept in proper order to
prevent deleterious effects.
"Art. 110. They shall not permit physicians or .apothecaries to exercise
their professions without a previous presentation of their diplomas -or cer-
tificates from the respective scientific authorities or corporations, accredit-
ing fully their qualifications .
"Art. 111. The ayuntamiento shall have an inspection over the pro-
visions and liquors of all classes that 'are offered for sale, and see that
they are of good ,quality; they shall also take such timely measures as
may be practicable for procuring supplies of the common necessaries of
life in seasons of scarcity, so that the inhabitants may not suffer by
"Art. 112. They shall . .. provide proper burying grounds beyond
the limits of the towns. . .
"Art. 113. They shall take care that the lakes and ponds be drained, so
that water shall not stagnate in the towns.
"Art. 114. They shall remove whatever may jeopardize the health of
the inhabitants or stock within the jurisdiction, when practicable to do so.
"Art. 115. They shall take special care to establish a board of health,
even in settlements or towns where there is but one physician.
"Art. 116. They shall see that the streets are straight, paved and
lighted, when it is practicable, and that shade and ornamental trees shall
be planted, and public walks formed.
"Art. 117. They shall take care that the public roads of the district
-are kept in order and repair .
"Art. 118. They shall also take charge of the repairing, preservation
and construction of all works or buildings of public utility or ornament,
within their respective jurisdictions.
"Art. 119. They shall take care that the woods and timber belonging
to the commons shall be preserved and shall not permit one useful tree to
be destroyed without planting three of the same kind in its place, and the
owners of land shall be excited to take care of and augument their groves,
but without interfering in the use or benefit they may choose to make of
"Art. 120. The ayuntamiento shall take charge of the administration
and regulation of hospitals, poor houses, institutions of learning, and
'other establishments of a literary, scientific or benevolent nature that are
supported by the public funds, and in those that are established by individ-
uals they shall see that nothing contrary to the laws is permitted.
"Art. 121. Every six months they shall form 'a statistical account of the
municipality, and every three months they shall call on the curate of the
parish for a note of those born, married and dead, specifying the sexes,
ages, and both documents shall be transmitted to the chief of partido.
"Art. 122. They shall not permit in their jurisdiction vagabonds, drunk-
ards, gamblers by profession, nor any idle or vicious people who have no
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918, periodical, 1918; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101073/m1/306/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.