The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918 Page: 29
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The Tariff History of the Republic of Texas
for revenue the amendments were rejected.1ls Before 1840, these
articles had been admitted free, and after 1842, they were ad-
mitted at a moderate rate.199
1 have indicated the repeated charges that the East was not
sharing its part of the burdens of government, charges made by
western newspapers and representatives. An examination of the
comparative returns from the various districts will show some
ground for the charges. For the period from the beginning of
the Republic to September 30, 1838, out of a. total reported net
receipts of $278,134.56, the two eastern districts, Sabine and San
Augustine, reported only $37.630.32, and nothing was actually
paid into the treasury from these districts. The revenue paid in
was as follows: Galveston, $70,119.20; Brazos, $31,686; Mata-
gorda, $31,844.68.20 For five quarters ending March 31, 1841,
the total receipts reported were $203,820.42, and of this San
Augustine reported a net return of $6,534.82. In Sabine, the
other eastern district, there were no. net returns, the, receipts be-
ing $5,062.01, and the expenses, $8,717, making a deficit of nearly
$3000.201 For the nine months ending October 31, 1842, the
East contributed $10,536.73 out of a total of $86,937.49. For
the year ending July 31, 1844, the East contributed $13,715.72
out of a total of $177,860.85, and from that time until October
31, 1845, the period of greatest importation, the three eastern
districts paid $26,420.90 out of a total of $340,506.00.202 Re-
ports are lacking for other periods, but these are sufficient to in-
dicate that the East was evading the tariff duties. And as the
tariff was the foundation of the finances, it seems that the West
was justified in charging that the East was in a large measure
escaping the burdens of the government.
On January 25, 1845, Scurry and Smyth had come to the de-
198Fifth Congress, House Journal, 686, 687.
a1'Act of December 18, 1837; Garnmel, op. cit., I, 1490; Act of Janu-
ary 27, 1842, Ibid., II, 734.
20Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, in Telegraph and Texas
Register, November 17, 1838.
20'Repoit of the Commissioner of Revenme, in Telegraph and Texas
Register, August 4, 1841.
'"oReport of the Secretary of the Treasury, in Telegraph and Texas
Register, February 1, 1843; January 8, 1845; First Legislature, House
Journal, ap. 24.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918, periodical, 1918; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101073/m1/35/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.