The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 111
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Border Troubles Along the Rio Grtnde, 1848-1860 111
stances is rather difficult to say. By some it was thought that the
Texans deliberately fomented trouble and spread abroad exag-
gerated reports in the hope that an excuse for seizing a portion
of northern Mexico might be presented. It will be remembered
that in his annual message of 1858 President Buchanan had recom-
mended to Congress the occupation of a portion of Sonora and
Chihuahua, giving as his reason the unsettled conditions on the
frontier of those States and the outrages committed upon American
citizens in Mexico. Might it not be wise to include also the right
bank of the Rio Grande? General Twiggs reported his opinion
that such a step was necessary to the preservation of order and
the protection of the Texas frontier.78 Angel Navarro, one of the
Commissioners sent by the Governor of Texas to investigate the
border troubles, declared that such a step was advisable and would
meet with little objection on the part of the Mexicans of that sec-
tion.79 Finally, Governor Houston, who had been angered by the
criticisms of the attitude of the Texans, sent the Secretary of
War a dispatch in which he defended himself and his constituents,
while, at the same time, he admitted that since 1857 he had been
urged by many individuals from all parts of the United States to
occupy a portion of Mexico. To these overtures he declared he
had made no favorable response, but had waited in the hope that
the United States might take some action.80
Buchanan seems to have disapproved the action of Houston in
regard to the Cortina raid.81 At any rate, concentration of a large
number of troops on the southwestern border was avoided,82 until
these frontier vexations as well as the Mexican difficulties in gen-
eral, were in a measure lost sight of in the larger troubles of the
"Twiggs to Adjutant General, November 28, 1859. Hose Ea. Doc. 52,
36th Cong., 1st Sess., 73-74.
=Ibid., 54, 60-63, 98.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/117/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.