The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 7
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Texas Annexation Sentiment in Mississippi, 1885-1844 7
paign of 1836 by the hard pressed supporters of Van Buren in
Mississippi was that he was unsound on the question of abolition.
The committee of the Democratic convention issued an address in
that year in which they endeavored to show that the contest was
really between General Harrison and the regular Democratic
nominee, Judge White being merely a stalking horse for the
former. The address charged the Whig nominee with advocating
the purchase of the slaves with the surplus revenues of the Fed-
eral government; on the other hand the committee pointed out
that Van Buren's casting vote on Calhoun's bill to prevent the
transmission of any abolition document by mail should entitle him
to the heartfelt gratitude of every citizen of Mississippi; "and
we ask you," the address continued, "cannot a Northern President
opposed to abolition do more to put it down than any Southern
President." Though a political manifesto the address spoke noth-
ing but the sober truth in declaring, "No man has been subjected
to so much calumny and persecution as Mr. Van Buren"; and it
might have added, "and with so little reason." In the campaign
of 1844 the Democratic journals within the State proclaimed over
and again that the success of the Whigs meant the triumph of
abolition, and that the election of Clay would be tantamount to a
condemnation of slavery as a public wrong. Not only was the
Whig nominee supported by pronounced abolitionists of the North,
it was asserted, but Clay by his attitude on the Texas question
and by his remarks prejudicial to the institution of slavery had
shown that he would prefer to lose a few honest Whig votes at the
South rather than sacrifice the support of his abolitionist allies
at the North.
One explanation of the deep concern as to the future of slavery
is to be found in the belief that the slave interests of the South
were being jeopardized by Great Britain's advocacy of abolition in
Texas. The Weekly Courier and Journal avowed it was not sur-
prised at the British government's schemes in Texas, inasmuch
as that country .had had its emissaries prowling through the
Southern States.17 The New Orleans Bulletin deplored the fact
that the Texans were ready to sell themselves "to our most inveter-
ate, subtle and bitter enemy," all of whose sanguine expectations
were to be fulfilled through "the quickened efforts of English in-
7Issue of May 24, 1843.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/13/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.