The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 203
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James W. Fannin, Jr., in the Texas Revolution
I leave from 80 to 100 men for the present defence of this place
with the expectation of a speedy reinforcement from Matagorda.
Such was the hopeless situation of Fannin at the end of the
second month. His expedition had accomplished nothing; his
expenses were far in excess of what had been allowed him; and
his supplies were exhausted. His "advance division" had been
completely destroyed; and with his present facilities and with the
large Mexican force watching him, it was impossible for him to
carry aid to his comrades besieged in the Alamo. Since he was
determined not to retreat on his own initiative, there was nothing
left for him to do but make the best of a bad matter. Extracts
from a letter"' of John Sowers Brooks written on March 9, pretty
well sum up the situation of the volunteers at the end of the second
The Mexicans, to the number of 700, are now in San Patricio,
about 60 miles in front of our position; and another party of 200
have been discovered within 18 miles of us, between us and Gon-
zales. Every thing indicates that an attack will be speedily made
upon us. Their scouts, well mounted, frequently push up to our
walls, and from the want of horses, we are unable to punish
We have had no bread for several days. I am nearly naked,
without shoes, and without money. We suffer much, and as soon
as Bexar falls, we will be surrounded by 6000 infernal Mexicans.
But we are resolved to die under the walls rather than sur-
render. . .
Independence has probably been declared. We are in a critical
situation. I will die like a soldier.
"Brooks to Hagerty, THE QUARTERLY, IX, 190-92.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/209/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.