The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 213
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Gali and Rodriguez Cermenho
will recognize that he gave a very good description of the Alta
California coast; it is almost always possible to tell just where
he was from the account he gave,--and this is something that
can not be said for some other more famous navigators. His
voyage did have a real importance, however. As indicated in the
Conde de Monterey's letter, cited above, the opinion became gen-
eral that it would be better to explore the Californias by a voyage
direct from New Spain, in boats of light draught, instead of rely-
ing upon the galleon for this purpose. The new idea was very
soon to be acted upon."
For the Rodriguez Cermenho voyage, transcripts (in the Bancroft
Library) from the following documents of the Archivo General de Indias
of Seville, Spain, were used:
1. 1595. November 30-December 9. Drake's Bay. Pedro de Lugo.
Informacion sobre la calidad de la tierra que se vido en el Puerto que se
Copy. Transcript 15 pp. long-hand. Legajo 58-3-12. Testimony taken
by the notary Lugo of Rodriguez and others about the land at Drake's
Bay and for three or four leagues inland. Dated (in Mexico) 1596.
2. (1596. January Navidad). Pedro de Lugo. Sworn testimony of
Rodriguez before the notary Lugo of his discoveries in the Californias
from the first day that he sighted the coast until his arrival at Cerros
Original. Transcript 16 pp. typed. Legajo 58-3-12.
3. 1596. Apr. 24. Mexico. Sebastian Rodriguez Cermenho. Derrotero
y relaciOn del descubrimiento que hizo el Capitan y Piloto mayor Sebas-
tian Rz. Cermenho, por orden de su magestad, hasta la Isla de Cedros.
Original. Transcript 21 pp. long-hand. Legajo 58-3-16.
These three documents tell much the same story, but they are not
identical. Taken with other materials in the Bancroft Library they
should one day be the basis for a substantial thesis. Except for a brief
and somewhat mistaken note in Richman, they have never been utilized
before. In addition, the following items were used:
1. Documents from the Butro collection, orig. Sp. and tr. ed. by
George Butler Griffin in Historical Society of Southern California, Pub-
lications, II, pt. I, Los Angeles. 1891. Fifteen of the nineteen documents
range in date from 1584 to 1603. Ten of them were made use of in this
2. Documentos references al reconocimiento de las costas de las Cali-
fornias decade el Cabo de San Lucas at de Mendocino, ed. by Francisco
Carrasco. y Guisasola. Madrid. 1882. This contains forty-four docu-
ments ranging in date from 1584 to 1609. Many of the more important
appear in item 1 above. Some of the others were also used.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/219/: accessed May 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.