The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 23
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The Apache in the Southwest, 1846-1886
where the Apache had long hidden himself secure from pursuit.
And with this acquaintance with the country they acquired further
acquaintance with their wily antagonist, whose habits and customs
they must know before they could hope to control or conquer him.
But the gain did not stop there. Various exploring expeditions were
made and the boundary and railroad surveys plotted the map of
the new territories. Thus passed the decade of the 50's. At its
end the Apache problem seemed little nearer its solution for the
enemy was even more avowedly an enemy than at the time of the
conquest. But the United States had made definite progress.
One other beginning made by the United States during these
years must be mentioned. In spite of the unsettled condition of
the new territories, the influx of population had been considerable.
The California immigrants, many of them, failed to reach the
promised land and took up their abode where their exhausted re-
sources or worn horses stranded them. Copper, gold and silver
mines were opened in Arizona and drew the customary ambitious
money seekers. The Vigilance Committee of San Francisco stren-
uously encouraged settlement of southern Arizona by expelling
*.P;speradoes from California.
This influx of population was for years apparently a source of
weakness to the United States rather than strength, for the new-
comers offered new temptations to the Apaches for depredations
and they were ever in difficulty with the Apaches and were con-
stantly complaining of the inadequacy of the military protection
and of the efforts that were being made to control the Apaches.
But in time, their presence helped to provide that evidence of
power that led the Apache to see that his cause was hopeless.
Growing Apache hostility.-And while the white was thus gain-
ing knowledge and getting ready for really grappling with the
problem before him, what of the Apache? As the white began
to gather in larger numbers in Apacheria and as the previously
impenetrable fastnesses were penetrated and as the troops were
inflicting punishment upon the Apache tribes, their attitude toward
the United States changed. No longer considered allies, the people
of the United States must be recognized as more dangerous foes
than any who had come before. They were more numerous than
the Spaniards had been and braver than the Mexicans were prov-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/29/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.