The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 25
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The Apache in the Southwest, 1846-1886
surrendered and were placed at Bosque Redondo until such a time
as war against the hostiles should be finished when they were
promised a reservation in their own country. Meantime they were
promised protection at the Bosque.
The Mimbreos subdued.-The Mimbrefio Apaches were the next
to suffer. An expedition against them in January, 1863, resulted in
the capture of Mangus Colorado and twenty of his warriors, many
of his band having been slain. Mangus Colorado was their aged
chief who for nearly five decades had been the dominant figure
in his own tribe, having also broad influence over other Apache
tribes. A man of marked ability he was, of wise councils and
with the mind of a statesman. Of him it was said that he could
collect under his direction and provide with the necessary food a
larger group of warriors than could any other Apache chief. His
capture and subsequent tragic death failed to increase the love
of his tribe for the United States but did effectually stop the war-
fare for a time.
The Navajos conquered.-A third great expedition was planned
and carried into effect-this time against the treacherous Navajos
who had so long been on the war-path. Early results of the expe-
dition were relatively so unimportant that it was finally decided to
invade Caiion de Chelly,-their greatest stronghold. The invasion
was apparently without results but as the Navajos saw that there
was no place impregnable to the pursuing white, they gradually
came in and surrendered themselves. They were placed on the
Bosque Redondo where the Mescaleros were already gathered. And
there they stayed until they were taken back to their own country
four years later. The Navajo rebellion was truly at an end,-tem-
porarily and permanently.
The joint expedition of extermination.-But these expeditions
had not done away with the Apache problem though it had done
much to pacify certain of the hostiles. So in the spring of 1864
General Carleton conceived the idea of a joint expedition to last
from sixty to ninety days in which they would "either exterminate
the Indians or so diminish their numbers" that they would cease
their "murdering and robbing propensities and live at peace." Don
Ignacio Pesquira, Governor of Sonora; Don Luis Perrazas, Gov-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/31/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.