The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 27
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The Apache in the Southwest, 1846-1886
The Canmp Grant Massacre.--A band of about one hundred fifty
Arivaipa Apaches had presented themselves at Camp Grant ex-
pressing a desire for peace. Lieutenant Whitman, then in charge
of Camp Grant, agreed to allow them to locate there temporarily,
while he should communicate with the proper authorities and learn
what disposition should be made of them. Meantime he promised
to feed and protect them. Word was brought to Whitman that
a large party of "Americans, Mexicans and Papago Indians" had
left Tucson with the "avowed determination of killing these
Arivaipas." He at once sent orders to the Indians to come in to
the post where they could be adequately protected. But his mes-
sengers were too late, for the attacking party had surprised the
camp and already the place was strewn with the mutilated bodies
of women and children and their lodges were in flames. The men
were mostly away at the time of the attack; of the one hundred
. twenty-five killed or missing, only eight were men. Though one
hundred of the perpetrators of this crime were indicted and brought
before the United States District Court for trial, a deliberation of
twenty minutes was all the jury needed before bringing the verdict,
"Not guilty." The press and the people of Arizona justified or
apologized for the crime.
As the story of this atrocity was repeated in the east, and with
it others no more to the credit of the white men, sympathy for the
poor abused Apache crowded largely from the mind the thought
of the crimes that had dyed the hands of the Apache red. In
1867 a Commission had been sent to New Mexico to settle the
Navajo question and it had successfully transferred the Indians
back to their old homes, establishing them there on a reserve where
they began a new life of agriculture and sheep-raising, gradually
forgetting the former life of pillage and atrocity. Why might not
the same thing be done for the rest of the Apache family rather
than to continue this cruelty and injustice that were placing such
a stain -on American honor?
The mission of Mr. Calyer.-With plenary powers, Mr. Vincent
Colyer went in 1871 to New Mexico and Arizona hoping great
things. But he found no echo of that hope in the expression of the
press and the people--especially in Arizona. All were bitterly and
actively hostile to him and to his mission of peace. The Indians
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/33/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.