The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 28
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
themselves had had their faith in the friendliness and fidelity of
the white man so badly shaken that it was difficult to hold satis-
factory conferences with them.
Four reservation were selected for the Apaches: at Tularosa,
New Mexico, for the Mimbrefios and Coyoteros; at Camp Apache
in the White Mountains of Arizona for the Coyotbros and Chileons
of Arizona; at Camp Grant, Arizona, for the Arivaipas and Pinals;
and at Camp Verde, Arizona, for the Mojave Apaches of Yanpais.
Also three temporary asylums were established for the protection
and feeding of other Apaches until such a time as they could be
moved to permanent reservations. These three were at Camp Mc-
Dowell, Beal's Springs and Date Creek. These were primarily for
the Tonto Apaches, Hualpais and the western band of Apache
The military and local officials tried to carry into effect the re-
forms instituted by Mr. Colyer but the results were far from sat-
isfactory to themselves and to others. Cochise and his band were
actively hostile in the south, the children of the Apaches who were
taken into captivity at the time of the Camp Grant massacre were
still unrestored to their people, the Mimbrefios and Coyot6ros who
had been transferred to Tularosa were far from happy there and
longed to return to their old homes. So, in February, 1872, Gen-
eral 0. O. Howard was sent out with powers similar to those of
Mr. Colyer that he might carry into effect as far as he was able the
views of the Department in regard to the nomadic Indians, espe-
cially considering the propriety of uniting and settling these In-
dians on a reservation further east in the territory of New Mexico.
General Howard was more successful than his predecessor had been
in winning the confidence of whites and Indians and his suggestions
were consequently more in line with a possible course of procedure.
At his recommendation, six Apache children who were held by
whites in Arizona were returned to their relatives: this won the
confidence of the Indians at the very beginning. The Camp Grant
reservation was discontinued because of the unhealthy character of
the place, and in its stead a new agency, called San Carlos, was
formed on White Mountain reservation. A reservation was set
apart in southeastern Arizona for the Chiricahuas after General
Howard had succeeded in meeting Cochise and making a treaty
with him. It is noteworthy that this treaty was faithfully kept
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/34/: accessed May 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.