The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 29
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The Apache in the Southwest, 1846-1886
by this hoary warrior of unsavory reputation and by his people.
Nor was it set aside until the United States saw fit to do so that
the Chiricahuas might be moved back from the international boun-
dary. But that is a later story. One other thing stands to Gen-
eral Howard's credit. He encouraged Superintendent Pope to
make an experiment with Navajo police under the leadership of
their respected chief, Manuelita. That this experiment was wholly
satisfactory was the cause of its spreading to the other reservations
and other tribes where it finally became a part of the regular means
of control of the Indians. General Howard also abolished the In-
dian feeding posts at McDowell, Beal's Springs and Date Creek
and allowed the Tontos to take their choice between the White
Mountain reservation and the Verde reserve. The Indians at Tul-
arosa he still left there that the trial might be fairly made of that
place, for the officials were bravely trying to prove that their choice
of place for the reservation was a wise one. But try as they might,
it was a failure, for the Indians did not and would not like the
place and the larger part of them would not remain on the reserve.
So in 1874 it was ordered that the Apaches there be transferred
back to the vicinity of their former home,-to Ojo Caliente. There
they settled down to lives of contentment and quiet.
Thus by 1874 some of the more vexing of the Apache troubles
had found settlement. There were still renegade bands in the
mountains and the troops and Apache scouts saw frequent service
in consequence. But the number of Apaches living quietly on
reservations and learning the pursuits of civilized life had never
before been so large. The most sanguine saw bright visions for
the future. But already a cloud "like a man's hand" was to be
seen in the sky and soon the storm burst upon the red man and
Concentration reserves instituted.-Arizona and New Mexico had
been rapidly filling with new settlers. Many of these had settled
on lands occupied or at least claimed by the Indians. The lands
were desirable and the whites wanted a chance to hold them in
lasting possession. The Indians, they thought, were not adequately
occupying them and the pressure was very strong upon the govern-
ment to remove the Indians from these lands and thus give them
to the whites to occupy and improve. Furthermore the officials
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/35/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.