The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 31
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The Apache in the Southwest, 1846-1886
tion. But a quarrel there between the two tribes resulted in the
death of a Chiricahua chief and again the Coyot6ros were forced
to seek refuge elsewhere.
The Chiricahua reservation abolished.-The Chiricahuas were
the next victims of the concentration policy. With the reputation
of being the most warlike of the Apache tribes, and with a history
fairly reeking with bloodshed and cruelty, the Chiricahuas had
faithfully kept the pledges of peace that they had made to General
Howard in 1872. They seemed in fact to have "buried the hatchet"
as far as the United States was concerned. Frequent raids were
made into Mexico and many were the victims to their prowess there
and many were the horses and mules that they brought back to
their reservation homes. But that was no violation of their treaty.
On one of these raids into Sonora gold-dust and silver were se-
cured. Desire for this led a man, Rogers by name, living at Sul-
phur Springs, to let them know that he had whisky in his home.
Orders from the agent were strict that no whisky was to be sold to
the Indians but that made no difference to him. Repeatedly he
sold to the Indians and when he finally refused to sell more, they
shot Rogers and his cook. The Indians then stole some horses,
ammunition and whisky and returned to their camp in the Dragoon
mountains. The agent and a troop of cavalry went to the scene
of the murder and then sought to follow the murderers. Finding
them too securely entrenched in the mountains the expedition was
abandoned for the time. Later the troops tried to find these hos-
tiles but neither they nor their companions were captured.
Shortly after this preparations were made for the removal of the
peaceful Chiricahuas to San Carlos. Because of the crime com-
mitted by a small group of Indians, acting under the influence of
liquor illegally sold to them, the Chiricahua tribe was deprived of
its rights on the reservation, that reserve was restored to the pub-
lic domain, and the pledged word of the United States was set
aside. Three hundred sixteen Chiricahuas reached San Carlos
and about one hundred forty followed Gordo to Ojo Caliente; and
some four hundred, led by Hoo, Geronimo and Nolgee, roamed the
country from the Rio Mimbres to Santa Cruz, Sonora. But they
wreaked a bitter vengeance on the country for the loss of their
ancestral home and such a period of distress and bloodshed fol-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/37/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.