The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 32
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
lowed as had not been since the days when Cochise and his war-
riors avenged the treachery of the troops in 1861.
The Ojo Caliente Apaches taken to San Carlos.-Unfortunate
though the attempt had been to get the Southern Apaches at
Cafiada Alamosa to settle at Tularosa, the authorities were nothing
loath to make another removal of them from their chosen place of
abode at Ojo Caliente. The excuse was not hard to find. Rene-
gades from the Chiricahuas had sought refuge with the Southern
Apaohes. With these Chiricahuas they had been associated in their
frequent raids. Therefore in May, 1875, the Ojo Caliente Indians
who had not fled at the suggestion of removal were taken to San
Carlos and their reserve was restored to the public domain.
The Jicarillas Apache transfers.-The fifth transfer attempted
was that of the Jicarillas to the Mescalero agency in southeastern
New Mexico. A reservation had been set apart for them in north-
western New Mexico but no attempt had been made to place them
on it. Then in 1878 came the order that "without delay" they
should be transferred to the Mescalero agency. 'Only thirty-two
actually made the move, for the rest refused to go to a place where
anarchy was rife. That there was more truth than fiction in the
charge against the Mescalero agency was apparent to those having
the removal in hand and they winked at the Jicarilla insubordina-
tion hoping that the following year might bring orders for some
different disposal of them. Southeastern New Mexico was become
the home of the desperado class of Mexicans and Americans and
organized bands of thieves made that their rendezvous, skillfully
laying on the Apache all blame for depredations committed and
property stolen. The Apache was evidently more sinned against
than sinning at this particular juncture for the promised protection
he found to be nothing of a protection and when he fled to the
mountains for safety he was pursued by the Military and punished
for his flight. No wonder the Jicarillas saw no gain in making
their home in such a place.
Three years later the Jicarillas were ordered to move to their
new reservation in northwest New Mexico and part of them did so.
There they remained until 1883 when they were again ordered
to the Mescalero agency. This time the transfer was effected
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/38/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.