The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 33
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The Apache in the South'west, 1846-1886
though a part of the tribe strongly objected. Three years later
they were again moved back north to their own reservation where
they have since been permitted to remain.
Consolidation had brought its losses and its gains: it was one
step in the development of the southwest and in the meeting of the
Indian situation. Consolidation had come to stay. With the ex-
ception of the Mescaleros and the Jicarillas, all of the Apaches
were officially located at San Carlos and at Fort Apache-all on the,
White Mountain reserve. There they were making progress in
civilized life, having laid aside most of their nomadic habits. Irri-
gation ditches, fences, houses, and fields of corn, wheat, melons
and pumpkins were the index of their advance industrially. Edu-
cationally but a start had been made in the path of formal educa-
tion. Many were the lessons the sometime savages had learned
in the arts of peace. Most of their number saw that the new order,
had come to stay and that it was futile to struggle against it. With
the increase of cultivated.fields, they saw the loss of all, were they
to take the war-path. Gradually they were coming to understand
that by maintaining order on the reserve their own lot was bettered
and very efficient was the aid given by the Apache police and
But one very strong Apache chief with his followers was abroad
in the mountains from which he made his hasty raids through
southern New Mexico and Arizona and northern Mexico. Im-
measurable damage had this Victoria already done and much more,
was his desire. In 1882 two steps were taken which in a word
pronounced his doom.
For nearly forty years the international boundary had been one,
of the Apaches' assets. Any pursuing party could follow only that
far. Once safe across that imaginary line, which the Apache found
was a very effective rampart, he was safe. Ninety-nine chances to
one there would be no troops within many miles of the place the hos-
tiles entered the country and before the troops would have a chance to
gather the quarry had fled to security in the mountains where the
troops dared not follow.
General Crook's Campaigns.-By a treaty between the United
States and Mexico troops of both countries might pursue fleeing
savages across this international boundary in "unpopulated or-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/39/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.