The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 34
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
desert parts." This in itself was of incalculable importance and
strengthened the hands of both countries. But this was not the
only change effected in the year 1882. General Crook was again
given command in Arizona. In the early 70s he had been in charge
but at that time the Peace Commissioners were just beginning their
work and the commander's duty was to carry out the plans of
others rather than to himself undertake the settlement.
General Crook possessed a rare fitness for the task in hand.
Long years of experience with Indians of other tribes and a brief
experience with the Apaches themselves, tireless energy and daunt-
less courage were invaluable qualifications. But he possessed one
other trait much needed,- a high sense of honor. Promises had
been made to the Apaches; he felt that they should be inviolable.
Never for a moment did he equivocate on the matter of Indian
obedience to the white man-unless the white man was wrong in
his demands. Then he took the Indians' side firmly and unchange-
ably. He was firmly convinced that the Apache must not only be
established on some plot of ground but that he must be put to work
raising something on it which would prove to him that the civilized
mode of life was worth while. The Verde reservation, at the time
of its abandonment, was expression in material form of this strong
conviction of General Crook. For the hostile, Crook was ready with
his own medicine: and General Crook's hostility was worthy of its
The important reforms that General Crook inaugurated upon his
return to command were five. Every male Indian capable of bear-
ing arms was required to wear constantly a metal tag of identifica-
tion; the police force was re-organized and frequent roll-calls were
required; from six to seven hundred White Mountain Indians were
allowed to leave the hot valleys of the Gila and San Carlos rivers
for their old homes in the White Mountains; conferences were held
with disgruntled Indians and as far as possible their fears were
allayed concerning the purpose of the United States to disarm
them and remove them from Arizona; and preparations were made
for an active campaign against the hostiles for it was reported to
him that new attacks from the hostiles were already planned.
Early in March, 1883, two parties of hostiles left their strong-
hold in the Sierra Madre mountains of Mexico, one under Geronimo
raiding Sonora to gain stock, the other under Chato crossing into
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/40/: accessed July 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.