The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 35
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The Apache in the Southwest, 1846-1886
the United States to gain ammunition. During the six days or
less that Chato's party was in Arizona, at least nine men were
killed along their trail which measured nearly four hundred miles.
They safely eluded pursuit but the raid was a costly one to them.
Not only did the Apaches acquire but little ammunition but also
one of their number deserted and made his way to San Carlos.
There he was arrested and later he became the guide who led the
troops to the Indian stronghold in the Sierra Madre mountains.
Having orders to proceed "regardless of departmental or na-
tional lines" General Crook himself proceeded to Mexico to consult
with the authorities there. In both Chihuahua and Sonora he
found hearty co-operation and plans were made for movements
against the hostiles.
Leading his command, General Crook crossed the roughest
country imaginable, entered the "impregnable stronghold" com-
pletely surprising the Indians. After a furious fight the camps
and their contents were captured: five half-grown girls and young
boys were also taken. Through them communication was had with
the rest of the tribe. The result was an unconditional surrender
of these hostiles with their chiefs Geronimo, Chato, Bonito, Loco,
Natchez and Kan-tin-no. These were taken to San Carlos and
at their own request runners were sent out urging what others were
scattered in the mountains to follow and surrender themselves.
The final outbreak and surrender.-After this for a period of
more than two years Arizona and New Mexico had rest from war-
fare. That there would never be another Apache outbreak was
confidently expected by General Crook and others in authority.
But the memory of past wrongs was still fresh in their minds and
confidence in the faith and justice of the government was not yet
fully established. Then as added fuel to the smoldering flames came
some difficulty over the making of tiswin, the native Apache intoxi-
cant. For whatever reason or combination of reasons it may be, in
May, 1885, Geronimo, Mangus, Nana, Natchez and Chihuahua, with
less than fifty warriors and a double number of women and children,
fled from the reservation trying to reach the safety of the mountains
of Mexico ere the pursuing troops should overtake them. In this
they were successful, but being hard-pressed even in those mountain
fastnesses they again crossed into the United States. It began to
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/41/: accessed February 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.