The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 36
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
look as though the whole party would soon be captured or killed
for their stock was almost exhausted. But Fortune gave them one
more opportunity. By chance they came upon some of the best
stock in the country, and helping themselves liberally to this un-
expected gift, they made off again into Mexico.
Though exasperated beyond measure at this new turn in events,
the troops pushed south after the fugitives and succeeded in cap-
turing all of the stock and supplies of the hostiles though they did
not destroy the Indians themselves. A conference for the discus-
sion of terms of surrender was called for the following day. Before
break of day, the United States troops were inexcusably attacked
by a Mexican force and Captain Crawford was wantonly slain.
This again delayed the settlement for General Crook must needs
join his command first. The surrender was finally agreed upon,
but the Indians held themselves constantly vigilant both day and
night as if prepared for attack. When matters were finally agreed
upon, the command started for Fort Bowie from which place the
Indians were to be sent to Florida. En route Geronimo and Nat-
chez again became suspicious and with a party of thirty-six fled one
The adverse criticism which had come to be General Crook's
portion was even more generously bestowed as the result of this
latest flight. He requested relief from his command and General
Miles was ordered to assume command of the department.
Owing to war with the Yaquis, the Mexican government had
been compelled to withdraw most of its forces from Sonora, leav-
ing that people defenseless. Geronimo and his warriors assumed
the offensive and made simultaneous attacks at three points in
Sonora. They then invaded the United States again only to retreat
south and west. Persistent pursuit and repeated losses led the
Indians to urgently request that they be allowed to surrender to
General Miles, the department commander. He joined his com-
mand and terms of surrender were agreed upon.
The prisoners were taken to Florida where Geronimo was put
to sawing logs. After some time they were removed to Mt. Vernon,
Alabama. Later they were again moved,-this time to Fort Sill,
Oklahoma, where they now live. Contrary to the terms of the sur-
render, Geronimo did not see his family for two years.
Thus ended the Apache struggle of three and a half centuries,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/42/: accessed April 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.