The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 48
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
straw, some are of wood, but all are well built. They enjoy so-
cial intercourse, dislike theft, and treat Spaniards well, entertain-
ing them in their houses and aiding them in every possible man-
ner. They are faithful in keeping their contracts; for the mer-
chants of Natchitoches advance them munitions, trifles, and
liquors at a good rate of exchange for furs. For all these they
pay punctually, in spite of the fact that there are among them
foreigners who come from Natchitoches and other points of the
United States for the purpose of trading their wares to the said
Indians for their products. Still, there are some swindlers and
scoundrels who do not pay the debts they contract. Their lan-
guage, like that of all barbarians, consists of a small number of
words. They use signs and gestures with the spoken word. The
dialect is difficult and almost identical with that of nearly all the
friendly nations-they themselves alone know how to distinguish
the different dialects. Their knowledge is reduced to a small
number of ideas so that they can barely judge of the present;
and, although they remember the past, they scarcely ever provide
for the future for the purpose of bettering their situation and
of becoming more civilized. But due to their continuous trade
with foreigners, it seem that they should not be called absolutely
barbarous or savages. They, of all the Indians, perhaps, are the
most civilized. They have no recognized religion, and it may be
said that they are idolaters on account of the superstitions they
make use of individually and at their dances and festivities.
They have an idea of God, and confess him to be the author of
all creation. But their errors, resulting from these false ideas in-
herited from their ancestors, are many. Only the light of the
gospel, spread by the holy zeal of the priests dedicated to this
benevolent work can destroy them. They marry by contract with
ridiculous ceremonies. When a man's wife dies, he marries again.
They have a knowledge of many medicinal herbs which they use
for wounds and other accidents with good results; although, in
their method of cures, there is always present superstition and
excesses. At their dances, they drink great quantities of fire-
water--some of them drinking until they tumble over. In these
gatherings, there are never lacking some disorders resulting in
personal injuries because of their drunkenness. They raise hogs,
chickens, and dogs, and have horses and mules to make their
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/54/: accessed August 16, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.