The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 49
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Texas in 1820
journeys and hunting trips. This tribe is composed of about two
thousand persons of all classes and sexes. Because of the com-
merce they have with foreigners, many of them have learned the
French language, and a few the Spanish, poorly pronounced.
They pierce their noses and wear pendant silver ornaments of dif-
ferent kinds. They shave a part of their heads with razors, and
paint their faces with vermillion and charcoal. They live in the
neighborhood of the Spanish Lagoon, a very large, navigable lake
connected with the Colorado river of Natchitoches, and extending
almost to Vallupier, a settlement of Frenchmen, located on a
small arroyo of this name, but which is subject to Spain. At the
present time they are in the Neutral Ground.
The Yuganis, who live to the east of Nacogdoches, on the
Neches river, at a distance of about thirty leagues, have the same
customs and inclinations as the Cad6. They differ from them in
being a little darker and in shaving their beards in streaks with
lancets, using charcoal. It is a small tribe not exceeding 150
persons. They live by hunting and planting grains. They are
poorer than the Cad6. They are very sociable Indians and very
docile and primitive.
The Nacogdochitos are near neighbors of the Yuganis, living
on the same river, Neches. They are very much like the latter
except in the streaks they make on their faces. They are much
more given to drunkenness than the Yuganis, and consequently
much poorer; although they do not fail on this account to till
the soil, to construct houses, and to hunt. They number about
The Aizes live toward the northeast upon the arroyo Atoyak
and about twelve leagues from Nacogdoches. They are very much
like the Cad6, differing from them only in language and in the
manner of shaving their heads. They number about three hun-
dred Indians. !They pierce their noses and paint their faces with
vermillion. They are fond of the Spaniards.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/55/: accessed January 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.