The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 55
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Texas in 1820
They have never made so many of these as in the last year, due
entirely to the encouragement given them by the foreigners and
certain perverse Spaniards because of their covetousness, to the
detriment of the provinces, as is to be explained.
Up to the year 1811, the Comanches were not so well armed,
nor so war-like, nor had they penetrated into places where they
are now seen. The revolution which broke out in the center of
the kingdom, at that time, came to the ears of those Indians;
and, since they are of a war-like nature, changeable, and treach-
erous, it was easy to seduce them from their allegiance to the
legitimate authorities. They took advantage of the occasion when
they saw the troops with other duties, and hastened to make war
against the unarmed herdsmen and the peaceable settler, robbing,
killing, and seizing prisoners. In these raids, they collected a
great number of animals both horses and mules, leaving horror
and devastation in this industry in the Province of Texas and
on the frontiers of the other Provinces. At the same time that
the Indians laid waste the haciendas and ranches, the foreigners
and various rebel Spaniards, who escaped from the victorious army
of our sovereign at Medina, introduced munitions and other
things to exchange for animals, making a well worn road through
the unsettled region towards Natchitoches. There were not lack-
ing some Spaniards, still worse, who led them and incited them
to kill and burn whatever came in their way. With such guides,
they penetrated to the Villa del Norte de la Colonia where these
Indians never had set foot before. There is no doubt that they
laid waste the country and terrorized the inhabitants; but they
were not always free from punishment by the troops, who have
defended their frontier, and who gave them battle, recovering the
horses they had stolen and killing many of their warriors.
This nation is divided into the Yambaricas and the Yucanticas
The former live to the north and west from the plains at the
headwaters of the rivers to the region near New Mexico. I do
not know the number of people they have. They rarely go to the
coast. The Yucanticas live from the country of the Yambaricas
to the region near Texas. They have ten or twelve pueblos gov-
erned by the person most noted for bravery, intrepidity, and
Ferocity. Their number, counting both the western and northern
branches, may be estimated at six hundred persons. They make
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/61/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.